Chess opening and defence checklist

Below we have a short list of the major openings (sequence of play from white’s perspective) and defences (sequence of play from black’s perspective) found in the typical game of chess.

Every player should study a few openings and defences to prepare themselves for their opponent’s plan of attack.

The listing below gives the ECO (Encyclopedia of Chess Openings) code for each opening or defence. You can use this code to look up information about the openings and defences that interest you. For example, the ECO code for the Scotch Game is C45.

You can check out all of the ECO codes in this handy PDF file:

Opening Checklist:

C60-C99 Ruy Lopez
C25-C29 Vienna Game
C23-C24 Bishop’s Opening
A04-A09 Reti Opening
C21-C22 Centre Game
A05, A07, A08, C00 King’s Indian Attack
C47-C49 Four Knights Game
C45 Scotch Game
C50, C53, C54 Giuoco Piano
A10-A39 English Opening
D00 Blackmar-Diemar Gambit
D20-D29 Queen’s Gambit Accepted
D07-D19, D30-D69 Queen’s Gambit Declined
C51-C52 Evan’s Gambit
C44 Ponziani Opening
E00-E09 Catalan Opening

Defence Checklist:

B02-B05 Alekhine’s Defence
A17 Hedgehog Defence
B20-B99 Sicilian Defence
B07-B09 Pirc Defence
B00 Hippopotamus Defence
A80-A99 Dutch Defence
E20-E59 Nimzo-Indian Defence
C00-C19 French Defence
D10-D17 Slav Defence
C42-C43 Petrov’s Defence
D80-D99 Gruenfeld Defence
B06 Modern/Robatsch Defence
B10-B19 Caro-Kann Defence
E11 Bogo-Indian Defence
A57-A59 Benko’s Gambit
D43-D49 Semi-Slav Defence

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