Below we have a short list of the major openings (sequence of play from white’s perspective) and defences (sequence of play from black’s perspective) found in the typical game of chess.
Every player should study a few openings and defences to prepare themselves for their opponent’s plan of attack.
The listing below gives the ECO (Encyclopedia of Chess Openings) code for each opening or defence. You can use this code to look up information about the openings and defences that interest you. For example, the ECO code for the Scotch Game is C45.
You can check out all of the ECO codes in this handy PDF file:
|A05, A07, A08, C00||King’s Indian Attack|
|C47-C49||Four Knights Game|
|C50, C53, C54||Giuoco Piano|
|D20-D29||Queen’s Gambit Accepted|
|D07-D19, D30-D69||Queen’s Gambit Declined|